Over half of the population experiences some form of varicose veins. They are annoying and sometimes painful but otherwise harmless. But if you do not get your varicose veins treated, you could end up with many other health problems ranging from annoying to life-threatening. Knowing the dangers associated with varicose veins and maintaining good vein health through regular monitoring and treatment can help you avoid or better manage consequences. Your Heart and Vascular Care is crucial, so it is important you see a doctor for it.
The weakened structure of varicose veins and the increased blood pressure from venous insufficiency makes them vulnerable to rupture. The risk of bleeding varicose veins is the same for both men and women, even though women are more likely to develop varicose veins.
There are two main causes of varicose vein rupture:
- Rupture occurs when the weakened outer skin breaks down, revealing the larger vein beneath. Veins leak into the incision, creating an open sore known as a venous ulcer. When a vein ruptures, blood leaks out, and the surrounding skin turns dark because of the destruction of blood cells.
- An already present venous ulcer progresses, leading a nearby varicose vein to rupture due to erosion.
Blood clots in the veins
Unstable blood flow caused by varicose veins can lead to deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a potentially fatal condition. Leg swelling, warmth, or soreness are all possible signs of deep vein thrombosis.
Men have a somewhat higher chance of developing DVT than women do]. In addition, the risk rapidly rises after age 45, and senior patients with DVT are at a higher risk for DVT-related sequelae.
When you have high blood pressure in your veins, fluid and blood cells leak out into the surrounding tissues, leading to edema, pressure, and inflammation while also depriving the skin of oxygen. Open sores called venous ulcers arise as the skin deteriorates. Vein ulcers are more common in the elderly, affecting 4 percent of Americans over 65. Having many pregnancies, being overweight or obese, not getting enough exercise, and having a family history of varicose veins are further risk factors.
Inflammation of the subcutaneous fat layer causes this painful ailment, which manifests as localized areas of redness, swelling, and hardening of the skin. Lipodermatosclerosis (LDS) is more common in women than in men, and estrogen may be to blame. About two-thirds of all cases of LDS are seen in morbidly obese persons.
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